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Town of Picton 

Province of Ontario 

BY-LAW NO. 1329 





July, 1949 


Queens University at Kingston 

Town of Picton 

Province of Ontario 

BY-LAW NO. 1329 





July, 1949 



Province of Ontario 
By-Law No. 1329 


WHEREAS it is deemed expedient and necessary to regulate and inspect 
the Plumbing and Drainage of Buildings within the Town of Picton for 
the purrxse of protecting the health of the citizens of the Municipality. 
In this By-law: 

"Sewer" shall mean a public or private drain laid in a public or private 
way and constructed of vitrified clay pipe, brick, cement, or other impervious 
material with joints properly cemented together by mortar and laid on 
a continuous grade. 

"House connection" shall mean that branch of the sewer provided for the 
connecting of the sewer with the "house drain" of the individual premises. 
"House drain" shall mean that portion of the drainage system which extends 
through the cellar or basement and unites the "house connection" to the 
sewer — provided outside the premises — with the soil pipe draining the 
several fixtures, i.e., the horizontal portion from the soil pipe stack to 
the outside of the building. 

"Soil pipe" shall mean the vertical portion of the drainage system of four 
inches or more internal diameter communicating with one or more fixtures 
(i.e., water-closets, urinals, basins, sinks, etc.), and a house drain for the 
purpose of conveying the discharge from the fixtures to the drain. 

"Waste pipes" shall mean those pipes connecting fixtures other than water 
closets or batteries of fixtures other than water closets with the vertical 
lines of soil pipe for the purpose of conveying the discharge of the fixtures 

"Main vent pipe" shall mean any special pipe or special continuation of 
any soil pipe provided to ventilate the drainage system and to prevent trap 
siphonage and back pressure. 

"Vent pipes" shall mean the smaller air pipes carried back from traps 
to the main vent pipe, or outer air. 

'"Fixtures" shall mean any receptacle or outlet placed for the purpose of 
disposing of waste water, filth or other matter, and connecting with the 
soil pipe or house drain of a building. 

"Y-branch" shall mean a branch set at 45 degrees from main line. 

"Repair of leaks" shall mean such repairs as are necessary to protect 
property, but do not involve any extensive changes in construction. 

"Sub-soil drain" (weeping drain) shall mean the tile pipe laid without 
joints, around the foundation walls of any building, to intercept and provide 
drainage for sub-soil water. 


"Surface drain" shall mean a connection with a drain to allow egress 
of surface water. 

"Premises" shall mean any house, tenement, block, warehouse, school, hotel, 
theatre, factory or building, either public or private. 

"Water department" shall mean the water department or water commission 
controlling the water supply of any municipality. 

BE IT THEREFORE ENACTED by the Municipal Council of the Town 
of Picton as follows: — 

(1) That upon and immediately after the passing of this by-law and in 
every ensuing year, every person or firm wishing to do any kind of work 
in connection with plumbing in the Town of Picton shall be required to 
obtain a plumbing license from the Town Clerk, and, if such license be 
issued by the Town Clerk as hereinafter referred to, the license fee shall 
be $5.00 for a master plumber having a place of business in Picton, and 
$25.00 for any master plumber whose place of business is located outside 
of Picton. Any repairs or installation may be made by the owner of his 
property, providing his work is inspected and passed by the Plumbing In- 

(2) Every applicant for a plumbing license shall file with the Town Clerk 
information in writing giving the name of the firm and each member thereof, 
place of business and qualifications, and experience generally in connection 
with plumbing work; and shall furnish the Town Clerk with satisfactory 
evidence of his responsibility and that he himself is a practical plumber 
or that he will employ a sufficient number of practical and experienced 
plumbers to do all plumbing work which he may engage to do; and that 
he will not permit or allow any work to be done by or for him in connection 
with his business, except by such competent workmen; and that he will 
conform to all the terms and conditions relating to plumbing, drainage, 
sanitary matters and water service contained in this by-law, and in any 
other by-law in force from time to time in the said Town and in any 
rules and regulations adopted by the Municipal Council of the said Town; 
and no license shall be granted to any plumber unless the Municipal 
Council as represented by the Town Clerk is satisfied as to the credentials, 
reputation and ability of the applicant. 

(3) That any plumber, or firm of plumbers, who shall be guilty of any 
violation of the provisions of this by-law, or of any of the rules and 
regulations prescribed by the said Council, respecting plumbing, drainage, 
sanitary matters and water service, shall forfeit his license and shall 
be subject to the penalties in the last section of this by-law provided. 

(4) That all licensed plumbers shall be held responsible for all acts of 
their agents or employees done by virtue of their said license. 

(5) That no license shall be granted for a longer period than one year 
or the unexpired portion thereof, and all licenses shall expire on the 31st 
day of December of each year unless sooner revoked. 

(6) That any plumber whose license shall be declared forfeited for a 
violation of the provisions of this or any other by-law relating to plumbing, 
drainage, sanitary matters or water service, or the rules and regulations 
relating thereto prescribed by the Council, shall not again be entitled to a 
license until the said declaration of forfeiture shall be revoked by the 
Municipal Council. 

(7) That the Council may, by resolution from time to time, appoint an 
Inspector of Plumbing. 


(8) That any Inspector appointed for that purpose, shall, have the right, 
and they are, and each and every one of them is, hereby authorized and 
empowered to enter upon and into any premises at all reasonable hours 
and from time to time as occasion may require, for the purpose of enforc- 
ing compliance with the provisions of this or any other by-law, or the 
rules and regulations prescribed by the said Council, and which may at 
any time be in force in the said Town, licensing and regulating plumbers 
and plumbing, sanitary and drainage matters and water service. 


(9) No plumber shall engage in or work at the business of master or 
employing plumber, unless he shall first duly register his name and place 
of business, and secure a license from the Town Clerk as herein mentioned, 
and no person shall display a sign or otherwise advertise as a plumber 
unless he shall have been registered as such. Every master plumber shall 
conspicuously display his certificate or license within his place of business. 


(10) Every plumber before doing any work in a building, shall, except 
in a case of repairs or leaks, file in the Office of the Plumbing Inspector 
upon blanks for that purpose, an application for a permit, and where 
requested a plan or sketch of the work to be performed, and no such work 
shall be done in any building without a written permit from the said 
Plumbing Inspector. A fee of One Dollar ($1.00) for the permit, inspection 
and testing for the work including one to six fixtures; and Twenty-five 
Cents (25c) for each additional fixture shall be charged. Before any part 
of a drain can be constructed or extended, the plumber shall apply to 
the Inspector for a permit, and the sum of $1.00 shall be paid for such 
permit and for the inspection of the completed drain. Such drain shall 
not be covered until the same shall have been inspected and accepted 
by the Inspector. Where work is found defective, the Inspector may charge 
One Dollar ($1.00) for each extra inspection necessitated. 


(11) The Plumbing Inspector shall consider all applications for permits, 
and report thereon. 

(12) All tests of plumbing shall be made in the presence of the duly 
appointed Inspector. 

(13) The Plumbing Inspector shall report annually to the Municipal 
Council as to: — (1) The number of licensed plumbers in the Town; (2) 
the number of permits issued; (3) the number of inspections made; and 

(4) the number of premises not connected to sewers and the number of 
new premises connected. 


(14) All cast iron pipes, including the hub, used for soil, waste and vent 
pipes shall weigh not less than the following average weights per length 
of five feet, and shall be sound, cylindrical and smooth, thoroughly coated 
inside and outside with linseed oil or other coating as the Provincial Board 
of Health from time to time may approve of. In addition, pipe and fittings 
to be placed underground shall be coated inside and out with coal tar 
applied hot or other coating approved by the Provincial Board of Health. 



(15) Diameter of Pipe Weight per Five Feet 

2-inches 27 y 2 lbs. 

3-inches 47M> " 

4-inches 65 " 

5-inches 85 

6-inches 100 


(16) 2-inch inside diameter 20 lbs. 

3-inch " " 30 " 

4-inch " 45 " 

5-inch " " 85 " 

6-inch " " 100 " 


(17) Brass ferrules shall be of the best quality, bell- shaped, heavy cast 
brass, not less than four and one-half inches long and two and one-quarter 
inches; three and one-quarter inches and four and one-quarter inches 
in diameter, and of not less than the following weights: — 

Inside Diameters Weights 

2% inches 1 pound 8 ounces 

3% " 1 " 12 

4% " 2 " 8 " 

(l^-inch ferrules shall not be used.) 


(18) Soldering nipples shall be of heavy cast brass or of brass pipe, 
iron pipe size. If cast, they should be of not less than the following 
weights: — 

Diameters Weights 

iy 2 inches 8 ounces 

2 " 14 

2 J / 2 " 1 pound 6 ounces 

3 " 2 pounds 

4 3 pounds 8 ounces 


(19) Galvanized wrought iron pipe shall be of not less than the following 
thickness and weight per lineal foot: 


i 1 /* 
iy 2 


2y 2 


3y 2 




0.13 inch. 

0.14 " 

0.20 " 

0.22 " 

0.23 " 

Weights per Lin. Foot 

2.25 pounds 



(20) Lead pipe used for branch soil waste, vent or flush pipes shall not 
weigh less than the following specified weights per lineal yard: 

Diameter of Pipe Weights per Lineal Yard 

1% inches 7 pounds 

Ifc " 8 

2 " ioy 2 

2V 2 " 13M> 

3 " I6V2 

4 " 24 

(Equivalent to sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per Sq. Ft.) 

(21) Lead bends and lead traps for water-closets, slop sinks and urinals 
shall not be less than one-eighth of an inch in thickness (equivalent to 
sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per sq. ft.). All lead traps, bends and fittings shall 
correspond in weight and quality to the lead waste pipe to which they are 

IV2 inches 8 pounds 

2 " ioy 2 

2V 2 " 13M> 

3 " 16V 2 

4 " 24 

(Equivalent to sheet lead weight 8 lbs. per sq. ft.) 


(22) House connections with the public sewer, and all fittings and other 
material used for such connections shall be inspected by the Plumbing 

(23) Old house connections can be used in connection with the new 
building or new plumbing only when they are found, on examination by 
the Plumbing Inspector, to conform in all respects to the requirements 
governing new house connections. 

(24) When a proper foundation consisting of a natural bed of earth, 
rock, etc., can be obtained, the house connection may be of vitrified tile 
pipe. Where the ground is made or rilled in, or where the pipes are less 
than three feet deep, or in any case where there is danger of settlement 
by frost or from any cause, the house connection must be of cast iron 
pipe, with lead caulked joints. Where the foundation is found to be soft, 
pipes must be laid on planks. 

(25) No house connection shall be laid with a less fall than one-quarter 
inch per foot. A uniform grade shall be preserved between the connection 
with the public sewer and the curb line, and between the curb line and 
the building line. The house connection must be run as direct as possible. 
All changes in direction must be made with proper fittings, and all con- 
nections made with Y-branches, and Y-branches and one-eighth bends. 
Where it is found that it is impossible to lay pipe with a grade of quarter 
inch per foot, the Inspector may give permission to lay the pipe with less 

(26) No person shall connect or cause to be connected, the drainage 
system of any building, lot, premises or establishment, otherwise than with 
that portion of the public sewer system intended for it, as shown by the 
records in the office of the Town Clerk. 


(27) No person shall cut or tap or cause to be cut or tapped, any public 
sewer in which there exists a branch or junction opposite to the building, 
lot, premises, or establishment, to be connected that is within two (2) feet, 
on the down side, of the trench on proposed connection. Information con- 
cerning the location and depth of public sewer, and the position of branches 
and junctions, shall be furnished when requested. 

(28) Whenever it has ueen positively ascertained that no availably located 
branch, junction or suitable inlet exists to serve the property concerned, the 
connection shall be made by taking out a length of pipe and substituting 
therefor a branch of the proper size. 

(29) If the house connection be of vitrified tile, not more than four 
inches in diameter, and the public sewer (8) inches or more in diameter, 
the connection may be made by tapping a hole of the smallest practicable 
size in the public sewer, and the connection shall be made by means of a 
connecting thimble of approved pattern. The tap and connection shall be 
inspected before the same is cemented. The thimble shall be properly set 
as to direction of flow. 

(30) All connections shall be inspected by the Plumbing Inspector making 
the inspections on same. 

(31) If the public sewer be a vitrified tile sewer, or a connection is to 
be made in a manhole, the entrance hole into the same shall be cut in 
prescribed manner, and the connection made by means of a short piece 
of pipe of the prescribed diameter, so cut that the pipe shoulder shall rest 
against the outer surface of the sewer and no portion extend within it. 

(32) Every house connection shall be laid true to line and grade, each 
section of the pipe being properly bedded. If laid with iron pipe the 
joints must be caulked; if laid with vitrified tile pipe, the joints must be 
made with mortar composed of one part Portland Cement or equivalent, 
and two and one-half parts clean sand, the pipes shall be laid upon a firm 
foundation and the joints properly cleaned on the inside. 

(33) No person shall make or cause to be made or maintained, any 
connection with any public sewer or house drain, or appurtenance thereof, 
for the purpose of conveying into the same any suffocating corrosive, inflam- 
mable, or explosive liquid, gas, vapor, substance, or deleterious material 
of any kind; and no person shall do any act or thing which may impede 
or obstruct the flow, or interfere with the free discharge or ventilation 
of any house drain or appurtenance thereof. Rain water leaders, overflow 
pipes from cisterns, or tanks, or from artesian wells, blow-off pipes from 
steam boilers, or water pipes from steam engines or heaters shall in no 
case drain into the connection, sewer or underdrain. 

(34) During the installation of the sewerage system in the Town, the 
Municipality is prepared to install house sewer connections from the street 
sewer to the property line of the premises to be drained upon application 
of the Owner to the Town Clerk for the installation of such connection. 
The Owner shall pay for the connection from the street line to the house 
or building to be served directly to the contractor or plumber installing 
the same, which connection shall be installed according to the provisions 
of this by-law. 


(35) The house drain unless otherwise provided, shall be of extra heavy 
cast iron or vitrified tile where horizontal, medium cast iron where vertical, 
and shall be not less than four (4) inches in diameter, and the fall to 


the sewer shall be on an even grade of not less than one-quarter of an 
inch per foot throughout its entire length. It shall be laid in a trench 
cut to a uniform grade, or if above the surface, it may be supported on 
brick piers or suspended from the floor beams by heavy iron or steel 
hangers. It shall commence at a point not less than three (3) feet outside 
the external wall of the premises and be extended undiminished in size 
inside the building, and continued on as a vertical soil pipe and main vent 
pipe through the roof at least 12" on a slant roof, and 2' 6" on a flat roof, 
and not less than three feet above the top of any window or opening 
within fifteen feet, and not less than eight feet above the roof if the roof 
is used for drying clothes, or as a roof garden, and be left open so that 
the whole of the plumbing system may be thoroughly and constantly 

(36) The house drain shall not be exposed to pressure where it passes 
through the wall. 

(37) The junctions of all soil or waste pipes with the roof of any building 
shall be made water-tight and weather proof with a five pound sheet lead 
flashing not less than 20 inches square. If sleeve is used, sleeve flashing 
shall extend 10 inches up the pipe and shall be of 5 lb. sheet lead. 

(38) To protect against freezing all vent pipes shall be increased to 3 
inches in diameter before passing through the roof of the building. 


(39) A cleaning out screw shall be placed on the house drain as close 
as possible to the point where it leaves the building and on the inside 
of the foundation wall, and shall be formed by placing a full "Y" on the 
drain and extended at least 3" above finished floor level and so placed 
as to be readily accessible. 

(40) Cleaning out screw shall be provided at the foot of all vertical lines 
of soil and waste pipes, and at all changes in direction; distance between 
cleanouts should not exceed twenty-five (25) feet. 

(41) The cleaning out screw and ferrule on house traps, drains and stacks 
6hall be of the same diameter as the pipes to which they are attached, 
except where the drains or stacks are more than four inches in diameter 
in which case the cleaning out screw shall not be less than four (4) inches. 

(42) Cleanouts fitted for cast iron shall be properly jointed into a hub. 
In no case shall they be fitted into a plain piece of pipe. 

(43) All cleanouts shall be of an approved pattern, the covers of which 
shall be made of brass (except Barrett cleanouts), at least 3-16 inches 
in thickness, the covers of which shall have a solid cast square head of 
iy 2 inches and one-inch in height; they shall be screwed and made air- 
tight by the use of a suitable gasket. Barrett or Malcolm fitting covers 
may be made of cast iron held in place by brass bolts and brass nuts and 
made air-tight by means of a rubber gasket. 


(44) All house drain, soil, waste or vent pipes shall be of cast iron, gal- 
vanized wrought iron or brass, except for branch waste and vent pipes 
which may be constructed of lead. 

(45) Galvanized wrought iron two-inches and less in diameter may 
be used for branch vent pipes. 


(46) The diameter of soil and waste pipes shall not be less than those 
specified in the following tables: 

Inches diameter 

Main soil pipes 4 

Branch soil pipes 4 

Main waste pipes 2 

Branch waste pipes for kitchen sinks, baths, or laundry tubs V/ 2 

Branch waste pipes for three or more fixtures 2 

Branch waste pipes for lavatory basins l 1 /^ 

(47) No branch waste pipes for other fixtures shall be less than one and 
one-quarter inches in diameter. 

(48) In large buildings, or when batteries of fixtures are used, the sizes 
of pipes shall be approved by the Plumbing Inspector. 

(49) The arrangement of drain, soil, waste and vent pipes shall be as 
direct as possible, and all horizontal pipes shall be run on a uniform grade 
of one-half inch to the foot where possible, but in no case should the 
grade be less than one-quarter inch to the foot. Off-sets will only be 
permitted when unavoidable, and should be made at an angle of not less 
than 45 degrees. 

(50) When wrought iron pipes are used for soil, waste or vent pipes, it 
shall be galvanized and free from scale, the burr formed on the inside by 
cutting shall be carefully reamed out to the full size of the pipe and be 
threaded with a full tapering thread and brought up butt to the shoulder 
of recess in the fittings. 

(51) Waste pipes from baths and basins will not be allowed to connect 
to a lead pipe water closet bend, but must be connected directly to the 
stack. If the water closet bend is made of cast iron, one waste pipe may 
be connected to it to drain a bath tub or basin, but the other fixture must 
be connected directly to the soil pipe or stack through a special 2 -inch 
opening on a T Y. 

(52) No waste pipe from any refrigerator, ice box, cold storage or other 
receptacle in which foodstuffs are kept shall be connected direct to any 
drain, soil or waste pipe, but such waste pipe shall discharge into an open 
water supply fixture or floor drain properly trapped and vented. Refrigerator 
wastes shall be separately trapped, and so arranged as to permit of frequent 
flushing and be as short as possible. When two or more refrigerator waste 
pipes are connected together or to a stack they may be extended through 
the roof of premises for ventilation. 

(53) All vertical pipes and stacks shall be properly supported at their 
base and at intervals of not more than fifteen feet (15 feet). All horizontal 
cast iron pipes shall be supported at intervals of not more than five feet 
(5 feet) by iron or steel pipe hangers or on brick piers. All horizontal 
lead pipes shall have continuous supports throughout their entire length. 

(54) T's may be used on the vent system. 

(55) No double hub or double TY shall be used on horizontal runs, nor 
shall double hubs or straight crosses be used on soil or waste pipes. Double 
hubs may be used in the main soil or ventilating pipe above the highest 
fixture or fresh air inlet, and a TY may be used as specifically noted on 
the stack. 



(56) All fixtures other than water-closets and urinals shall have strong 
metallic strainers or bars over the outlets to prevent obstruction of waste 

(57) All fixtures shall be set free and open from all enclosing woodwork. 

(58) All fixtures must be constructed of satisfactory materials. Metal- 
lined wooden fixtures are prohibited. 

(59) All receptacles used for water-closets, urinals, or slop sinks shall 
be either virtrified earthenware, enamelled cast iron, or porcelain. If cast 
iron, they shall also be enamelled or coated on the outside with a non- 
absorbent and non-corrosive paint. 

(60) All water-closets and urinals shall be fitted with either siphon dis- 
charge, flush, pressure tank, connected by not less than one and one- 
quarter inch diameter pipe, automatic flushing valve or flusho-metre of 
approved type, and shall have a flushing capacity of not less than three 
gallons for water-closets and not less than one gallon for urinals. 

(61) All water-closets and urinals shall be provided with flushing rims 
so constructed as to flush the entire surface of the bowl, and with such 
force as shall properly cleanse the surface. A stop cock in every case 
shall be installed in the supply pipe of the said fixtures. 

(62) Pan, valve, plunger, long hopper, washout hopper, or other closet 
having invisible seals or the walls of which are not thoroughly washed at 
each discharge of water are prohibited. 

(63) Frost-proof closets may only be installed in compartments which 
have no direct connection with any building used for human habitation 
and only with approval of the Provincial Board. 

(64) No closet or other convenience which allows of the escape of gas 
or air from any of its parts or from the drain, soil or waste pipe connected 
with it, or which allows of any accumulation of filth in or about it, shall 
be fitted up or used. 


(65) All fittings shall correspond in weight and quality with the pipes to 
which they are attached. Special fittings not provided for in these regu- 
lations but approved of by the Provincial Board of Health and the Plumbing 
Inspector may be used in any part of the system. 

(66) Fittings for wrought iron vent pipes shall be galvanized, cast iron 
or malleable iron recessed and threaded fittings. 

(67) Fittings for waste, soil or refrigerator waste pipes for wrought iron 
or brass pipe shall be galvanized, cast iron or brass, recessed and threaded 
drainage fittings, with smooth interior water way and thread tapped so 
as to give a uniform grade to branches of not less than one-quarter (%) 
of an inch per foot. 

(68) No connection to any cast or wrought iron drain, soil or waste pipe 
shall be made by boring or tapping the pipes or by a saddle, and no inverted 
joint shall be used below any fixture. 

(69) No pipe hub shall be used as an increaser. Increasing or reducing 
in size must be made with a proper fitting. 


(70) All changes in direction of horizontal pipes shall be made with full 
"Y" branches and one-sixth, one-eighth or one-sixteenth bends, "TY's" 
may be used on vertical soil and waste lines when it is impossible to use 
a "Y" branch, but are prohibited on horizontal lines. 

(71) One-quarter bends may be used on the vent system. 

(72) Water-closet, urinal or slop sink connections, between cast iron 
traps and lead bends shall be made by a cast brass flange, not less than 
3-16 inches thick, fastened to the floor and soldered to the opening of 
the lead bend, and the joint made gas and water-tight with a gasket of 
rubber or asbestos. 


(73) Every fixture shall be separately and effectually trapped by a self- 
cleaning trap, having a water seal of not less than 2 inches. The trap shall 
be placed as close to the outlet of the fixture as possible, but in no case 
shall it be more than 12 inches from such outlet, except with the approval 
of the Inspector. 

(74) The size of trap for a given fixture shall never be less than the 
following inside diameter, and no slip or washer joint shall be placed on 
the sewer side of any trap or vent pipe: 


Water-closet 3 

Slop sink 2 

Pedestal urinal 2 

Urinal V/ 2 

Laundry tub (1 to 3 (considered one fixture) \ l / 2 

Kitchen sink l l / 2 

Bath tub iy 2 

Shower bath 2 

Drinking fountain 1& 

Dental cuspidor 1^4 

Wash basin 1% 

Pantry V/ 2 

All 1%" traps shall be of deep seal patterns. 

(75) Non-siphon traps of patterns approved by Provincial Board of Health 
may be used without a vent pipe. 

(76) There shall be only one trap under a water closet and that immedi- 
ately beneath same, viz., that which constitutes part of the water closet 

(77) No fixture shall drain through more than one trap. 

(78) Traps shall not be less than the size of the waste to which they 
are attached and equal in quality and thickness. 

(79) All traps, where practical, shall have water-tight trap screws, except 
earthenware traps, and be so located as to be easily accessible. 

(80) Vent horns on earthenware traps are prohibited, except for replace- 
ment of old fixtures of that type (i.e. repairs). 



(81) The trap of every fixture shall be protected from siphonage and 
back pressure by an anti-siphon or vent pipe which shall, where possible, 
be constructed on the continuous waste and vent principle; the inlet of 
such traps shall not be more than 14 -inches from such continuous waste 
and vent, and where such is impracticable, the vent shall be taken off the 
waste pipe at least 3 inches from the crown of the trap, and shall be con- 
nected to branch vent at least 6 inches above the high water line of fixture 
when full. 

(82) The diameters of vent pipes shall not be less than 2 inches for main 
vents through less than seven stories; 3 inches for water-closets on more 
than three floors, and for other fixtures in more than seven stories. All vent 
pipes shall be increased one size in diameter before passing through the 
roof, and shall not be less than 3 inches in diameter. 

(83) All main vents shall connect at their base with the main soil or 
waste pipe below the lowest fixture in such a manner as to prevent the 
accumulation of rust scale and shall be extended through the roof and 
finished as per section, or may re-connect to the main soil pipe at a point 
at least 6 inches above the highest fixture connected therewith. 

(84) No vent pipe shall be used as a soil or waste pipe. 

(85) No vent pipe shall be allowed to connect to another vent pipe below a 
point at least 6 inches above the fixture for which it is used. 

(86) Vent pipes may be one size less than the size of the trap which they 
serve, and in no case shall be less than 1% inches. 

(87) Vent pipes for water-closets shall be connected to the highest point 
of the bend or of the hub to which the bend connects, and must be at least 
2 inches in diameter. Closet vents into which other vents are connected 
shall be 3 inches in diameter. 

(88) No wrought iron pipe will be allowed below the top of cellar floor 
or to be buried under the earth. 

(89) All vent pipes shall be run as direct as practicable, and be so graded 
and connected that any condensation will drain back to the waste pipe. 
All offsets shall, where practicable, be made at an angle of forty-five degrees. 

(90) No vent pipe is required to be installed for fixtures located within 
five feet of the soil pipe or stack; or the length of an un vented horizontal 
waste may be five feet, measured horizontally from the vertical inlet of the 
trap to the stack opening. 


(91) All joints between lead pipes and between lead or brass pipes, traps, 
ferrules or solder nipples shall be wiped joints. In no case shall bolt joints 
be allowed. All joints between iron and lead shall be made with brass wiped 
to the lead and caulked or screwed into the iron. 

(92) All joints on cast iron pipes shall be made with picked oakum and 
molten lead run full, thoroughly caulked, and shall be made gas and water- 
tight. The joint shall have a depth of lead not less than iy 2 inches. 

(93) All joints on wrought iron pipes shall be screwed joints made up 
with red lead, paint or other suitable substance, and be made gas and water- 
tight, and any burr formed in cutting shall be carefully reamed out. 


(94) All connections of lead pipe with cast iron shall be made with brass 
ferrules having inside diameters not less than the outside diameter of the 
led pipe to which they are to be attached. 

(95) No cement joints nor connections between iron and cement or tile 
pipe or brick drains shall be made within any building. 


(96) All water supply pipe for a plumbing system shall be galvanized 
wrought iron, lead, brass or copper, with galvanized, malleable, or cast iron 
or brass water fittings. 

(97) Every tap or cock on a supply pipe shall be capable of resisting a 
pressure of at least three hundred pounds to the square inch. 

(98) Every tap or cock shall be made of gun metal or hard brass, or of 
other not less suitable metal or alloy, and shall be of sufficient strength 
and weight in every part. 

(99) There shall be a shut-off and drip on the main supply inside the 
foundation wall. 


(100) Rain water leaders must not be used as soil, waste or vent pipes, 
nor shall any such pipe be used as a leader. 

(101) Roof leaders and surface and ground water drains shall not be 
connected to house sewers which discharge into public sewers intended for 
the carriage of sanitary sewage only; a sub-surface drain for ground water 
only built around or immediately adjacent to building foundation walls may 
be connected direct to any public sewer, or to the house connection at 
such point, and in such manner as the Inspector may designate. 


(102) Rain water leaders when connected with house drains shall be 
suitably trapped. Whenever a surface drain is installed in a cellar or 
basement, it shall be provided with a deep seal trap. Drain pipes from 
cellars and basements, liable to back-flow from the sewer, shall be supplied 
with back water valves. No back water valve shall be so placed as to inter- 
fere with the ventilation, the plumbing or drainage system. 


(103) Drinking fountains, manufactured for this purpose only, placed 
on walls and pedestals may be directly connected to a rain water leader 
on the building side of a trap without requiring a separate trap or vent. 
But, if connected to a house drain or soil pipe, they shall be considered 
a plumbing fixture and shall be properly trapped and vented. 


(104) Every building from which, in the opinion of the Inspector, grease 
may be discharged in such quantities as to clog to injure the sewer, shall 
be provided with a satisfactory grease trap. 

(105) Every building in which gasoline, naptha, or other inflammable 
compounds are used for business purposes, shall be provided with a special 


trapped receiver, satisfactory to the Inspector, so designed as to prevent 
the passage of such material into the sewer, and ventilated. 

(106) The waste pipe of every wash rack for vehicles shall be provided 
with a sand box of sufficient capacity. 


(107) No water-closet or urinal shall be placed in any cellar unless such 
cellar or basement has a cement floor or other material impervious to 
moisture, and is well lighted with natural and artificial light, and has 
easy means of access, and all such closets or urinals shall be of the flush 
type and non-soil type. 

(108) The floors of all water-closets and urinals in office buildings, rail- 
way stations, public buildings, hotels and schools shall be constructed of 
materials impervious to moisture, and laid with a grade not less than one 
in fifty to central floor drains, conveniently located. 

(109) All water-closets, urinals and slop sinks when in a separate com- 
partment must be supplied with a local ventilation pipe having an area 
equal to a pipe three inches in diameter and connected to a heated flue. 
The area of main or common flues shall be increased proportionately when 
a number of local vent pipes combine. 


(110) Pipes or other fixtures shall not be covered or concealed from view 
until approved by the Inspector, who shall cause the same to be examined 
or reported upon within two working days after notice that they are ready 
for inspection. 

(111) Plumbing shall not be used unless, when roughed in, the wastes, 
vents, and back air pipes and traps are tested in the presence of an Inspector. 

(112) The material and labor for the tests shall be furnished by the plumber. 

(113) The results of every inspection shall be recorded. 

(114) The water test shall be applied in the first instance by closing the 
opening at the outlet end of the house drain, and all other openings in the 
piping with proper testing plugs to the highest opening, and completely 
filling the system with water, the water column to be left standing at least 
three hours. 

(115) A final smoke test shall be made to determine the sanitary condition 
of the drainage or plumbing system of all buildings if there is reason to 
believe that the plumbing system has become dangerous or defective on 
account of settlement of the building or by explosion, accident or any other 

(116) Smoke Test. The smoke machine shall be connected to any suit- 
able opening or outlet and when the system is completely filled with dense 
pungent smoke; and the openings emit smoke, they shall be closed and 
an air pressure equivalent to one and one-half inch (l 1 /^") water column 
shall be applied and left standing at least ten (10) minutes. If there is 
no ieaKage or forcing of trap seals, indicated by the fluctuation of the 
drumfloat, the system shall be deemed air or gas-tight. But nothing in 
this section shall be so construed as to prevent the removal of any clean- 
out or unsealing of trap, to ascertain if the smoke has reached all parts of 
the system. 


(117) If test shows defects, the plumber shall be given two days notice 
to make good the defects. Failure on the part of the plumber to make good 
all defects shall make him liable to the penalties prescribed by this by-law. 

(118) Tests shall not be required after the repairing or replacing of any 
old fixture, tap or cock by a new one (to be used for the same purpose), 
forcing out stoppages, repairing leaks, or relieving frozen pipes and fittings; 
but such repairs or alterations shall not be construed to include cases where 
new vertical or horizontal lines of soil, waste, vent or interior rain leaders 
are used or their relative positions changed. Provided, in a building con- 
demned by the Health Officer because of unsanitary condition of the house 
drainage or plumbing, no such drainage shall be considered as coming 
under the head of repairs, but all such house drainage or plumbing shall 
be tested as in the case of new buildings. 


(119) The plumbing and drainage system of all premises shall be main- 
tained by the Owner at all times in good working order in conformity with 
these regulations and to the satisfaction of the Inspector. 

(120) This by-law is passed subject to the approval of the Department 
of Health of the Province of Ontario. 


(121) Any person convicted of a breach of any of the provisions of 
this by-law shall forfeit and pay at the discretion of the convicting magis- 
trate, a penalty not exceeding the sum of Fifty Dollars ($50.00) (exclusive 
of costs) for each offence. 

Passed this 5th day of July, 1949. 

(Sgnd.) WM. HENLEY, Mayor. 
(Sgnd) F. L. WARD, Clerk. 


Per A. E. Berry 
September 1st, 1949